Rules of Life “is a series of journalistic programs that cover the problems of modern Ukraine.

Rules of Life “is a series of journalistic programs that cover the problems of modern Ukraine.

Rules of Life “is a series of journalistic programs that cover the problems of modern Ukraine.

Sembratovich published in German "Ruthenische Revue" (1903); V. Kushnir – "Ukrainian roundabout" ("Ukrainian International Bulletin"), V. Doroshenko, M. Wozniak and others. – IED body "Ukrainian news" ("Ukrainian news") (1914). There were a number of other publications, such as D. Dontsov (in German "Correspondence of the peoples of Russia" 1916).

Another effective form of propaganda of the Ukrainian word in Europe is the translation of Ukrainian works of art and journalism into European languages. Franko wrote about the translations of Shevchenko and Mark Vovchko into German by K. Klymkovych: "competition to be mediators between Russian Ukraine and Western Europe" (10; 318).

A tried and tested form of preaching Ukrainian ideas in the Ukrainian press was controversy with the foreign press, in particular Kostomarov’s speeches in "Basically" – his answers to the Polish newspaper "Time" ("Time"), a French magazine "Contemporary revue" Antonovich’s controversy with the Polish magazine "Warsaw Library" ("Warsaw Library"), G. Budevoli with a Polish newspaper "Literary diary" ("Literary newspaper").

A form of personal participation of Ukrainian journalists in the publication or editing of foreign press is convenient for Ukrainian propaganda and establishing ties with the foreign world. A number of names of Ukrainian editors of Polish newspapers are known from history. For example, M. Garasevych was the editor of the first daily newspaper in Lviv "Diary of patriotic politicians in Lviv" ("Daily newspaper of patriotic politicians in Lviv") (1794-1798); such names of Galician editors and employees of the Polish press as Mykola Mykhalevych (editor "Gazeta Lwowskej"), Onyshkevych, Martsinkovsky, Ivan Zakhariyasevych, Lev Koretsky, Platon Kostetsky and others. Finally, a bright page in relations with the foreign press was the ten-year work of Ivan Franko in a Polish newspaper. "Courier lwowski" (1887-1897), a whole volume of his autotranslations from Polish and German "The time" – "In hiring from neighbors" (1914).

These are just some of the facts that may suggest some convenient and possible forms of communication and cooperation between Ukrainian journalists, writers, and scholars from the Western world. Historical experience is instructive. You just have to use it skillfully.

Overview of research on the history of Ukrainian journalism provides an opportunity to trace the stages of origin, formation and development of journalism in Ukraine, to identify the state of research in general, the scientific relevance of the issues under discussion, and at the same time "bottlenecks" unresolved issues, problems and outline a research program for the future. This is the relevance of the topic. And most importantly – to involve in the development of the leading problems of Ukrainian journalism young change of scientists who have already declared themselves interesting publications in "Collection of works of the research center of periodicals"…


1. Bochkovsky OI, Siropolko S. Ukrainian journalism against the background of the day: (history, democratic experience, new challenges). – Munich, 1993.

2. Bryk I. The beginnings of the Ukrainian press in Galicia and Lviv Stauropegia // Collection of Lviv Stauropegia: Past and present: Studies, notes, materials. – Vol. 1 / For ed. Dr. K. Studynsky. – Lviv, 1921. – Vol. one.

3. Wozniak M. From the beginning of the Ukrainian press in Galicia // Zap. NTSh. – 1912. – Vip. IN.

4. Nechitalyuk M. "White spots" in the study of the history of pre-October journalism (some questions of methodology and critique of scientific sources) // Ukrainian Journalism and National Revival: Coll. scientific works. – К.: NMK VO, 1992. – S. 33-38; His same. Methodological problems of historical and journalistic research // Ukrainian periodicals: history and modernity: Abstracts add. and story. – Lviv, 1993.

5. See: Zap. NTSh. – 1903 .– T. 51.

6. Zhyvotko A. History of the Ukrainian press: textbook. manual for students of the Faculty of Journalism of higher education institutions. – K.: Nauk. -I saw. center "Our culture and science" 1999.

7. Ignatienko V. Ukrainian press (1816-1923): Historical and bibliographic study. State Publishing House of Ukraine, 1926.

8. Krevetsky I. The beginnings of the press in Ukraine: 1776-1850. – Lviv, 1927.

9. Nechitalyuk M. On the methodology of study and principles of publishing press texts: (some questions of textology) // Ukrainian periodicals and modernity: Supplement. and story. Third All-Ukrainian. Science. -theoret. conf. – Lviv, 1995. – P. 18-27.

10. Franko I. Essay on the history of Ukrainian-Russian literature before 1890 // Zibr. TV: In 50 vols. – Vol. 41.

11. Makovei O. Three Galician grammars // Zap. NTSh. – 1903 .– T. 51.

12. Shashkevich Markian. Alphabet and Alphabet. Reprint from the unique original from 1836 – Winnipeg (Canada), 1969.

13. Shchurat V. The beginnings of Ukrainian journalism (In the hundredth anniversary "Ukrainian Herald) // Case. – 1916 .– 28 Feb.

14. Zdorovega V. On party affiliation, money bags, patronage, or what hinders freedom of speech in Ukraine // Mirror of the week. – 1999. – 13-19 Feb.


Analysis of information as a component of life. Abstract

Health and mass media. Social life. Religious orientation

Health and mass media

As already mentioned, the nature of appeals to certain topics and issues distinguish between multidisciplinary and specialized publications. Multidisciplinary publications reveal many social issues to the reader, cover a number of problem-thematic lines, interconnected by a certain direction and nature of information.

In its own way, the publications are multidisciplinary: a daily information and political newspaper "Ukraine is young" socio-political and business weekly "Comments" daily all-Ukrainian newspaper "Day"…

Such publications are universal, they talk about different aspects of life, focus on socio-political issues. Thus, the newspapers raise both important political issues and issues that have worried, are and will concern the Ukrainian people – these are social issues, reports on various research in the field of science, and, of course, issues related to the environmental situation. environment. Due to the fact that the population of Ukraine has recently begun to show increased interest in their health, the print media have also begun to pay close attention to this issue.

Returning to the above-mentioned newspapers, we can say that each of them contains articles about health – information that warns about unsafe food, bad habits and drugs that harm our health. It should be noted that these newspapers do not have regular information sections such as "Health" etc. Socio-political newspapers refer to health issues not constantly, but periodically, reporting on certain events, cases, useful advice or vice versa, giving comments on a particular issue.

For example, a weekly "Comments" in the rubric "Technologies" in Article "Sunscreens are considered dangerous to health" tells about the undesirable use of sunscreen, which is relevant for the summer season (Appendix A).

But there are newspapers that regularly cover health in their pages. Such newspapers, for example, include "The newspaper is in Ukrainian"… In the rubric "Health" it informs about new discoveries in the field of medicine, methods of treatment and counteraction to stress, improvement of mood, etc. Article "What foods will help you cope with exam stress?" tells about the products that it is desirable to use during the session, what mode should be followed by students, so that everything learned is well remembered. Another article "What are the dangers of antibiotics?" briefly informs about the types of antibiotics, the rules of use of certain pills.

In our opinion, this newspaper copes well with the task of informing the audience about the most interesting and relevant moments, using simple and clear language. And if we talk about the quality of the material, then we must be careful, because they are mostly from the Internet, so the above articles in the end had links to medinfo sites. com. ua, w2w. com. ua (Appendix B).

Analyzing the topic of health in modern Ukrainian media, we were interested in how the latter covered on their pages the problem related to "swine flu" whether all publications provided information equally, whether the topic was raised "swine flu" in Ukraine.

To analyze this issue, we have chosen familiar newspapers "Day" "Comments" Luhansk socio-political weekly "Evening luhansk" daily information and political newspaper "Ukraine is young" and socio-political weekly "Era"… After analyzing the spring issues of 2009 (a time when this topic was particularly relevant), we concluded that all newspapers touched on this issue, but in different ways.

"The most passive" turned out to be a newspaper "Era" which in the article "We survived chicken flu, we will survive and swine" reported influenza in Mexico and raised the issue "how to get rid of a simple average Bukovinian in these circumstances?" (Appendix B).

As for other newspapers, they discussed these issues quite actively. "The most active" the newspaper appeared in the coverage of this topic "Comments" which promptly reported the latest breaking news ("Swine flu has crept up on Germany" "IN "Borispol" began to disinfect passengers with swine flu" "In Japan, 738 people are infected with swine flu" "In Ukraine – the first case of Ah1n1 flu" etc.). As for the information in these media, it was reported objectively and truthfully, referring to the comments of the Director General of the POPs, the CNN news network.

Therefore, it can be concluded that recently non-specialized socio-political daily and weekly newspapers often inform their readers about the topic of health, especially when the topic of human health becomes global.

Television reaches the largest audience. Therefore, health programs on Ukrainian TV channels have a significant weight. Yes, you can see a TV show "Health" which airs every Sunday on TRK "Era"… Program "Council" TV channel "Irta" raises important issues of human health and ecology. Earlier on "The new channel" a TV program was broadcast "Ask your doctor" (the name speaks for itself). In September 2006, the STB TV channel launched a large-scale project of its own production "Rules of life"…

From the very beginning of the broadcast, the program became a real event in the public life of Ukraine. "Rules of life" Is a series of journalistic programs that cover the problems of modern Ukraine.

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